RURAL WATER AND SANITIZATION

Tvs Infratech is a specialist incmeticulously planning and engineering water supply and sanitation systems for small rural communities as well as developing sophisticated models and exploring alternative technologies in the urban context. Services address all aspects of water supply, wastewater disposal, solid waste management, flood and drainage control and project management services for various sectors.

Tvs Infratech fully integrated feasibility, design, and operation and maintenance consultancy solutions have played a pivotal role in the sustained success of several projects worldwide. The firm also advises on planning, management and institutional development, in this context, to help meet increasing demands in developing and maintaining water facilities.

Key Challenges

The RWSS sector in India faces several institutional, infrastructural and service delivery challenges. In many parts of the four Project states, the problems of source sustainability, inadequate water availability and poor water quality are acute. In addition, extensive usage of hand pumps dependent on depleting or contaminated ground water tables has resulted in lack of access to reliable sustainable good quality water. The early generation of top down supply driven approaches yielded low ownership by the consumers/rural communities, inefficient and ineffective operation and maintenance of scheme sources & the equipment and nominal/ low recovery of the O&M costs. In addition, social issues, including equity with regard to gender and socially and economically weaker sections of the society, vis-à-vis access and decision making, remain pertinent and relevant for equity based RWSS scheme. The various challenges:

  • Coverage, Source Sustainability and Service levels.
  • Water quality.
  • Sanitation and hygiene.
  • Institutional capacity.
  • Implementation approach.
  • Cost recovery.
  • Policy Support

Services:

Project Components

The Project has three main components:

Component A : Capacity Building and Sector Developmentv

A1: Capacity Building of MoDWS

A2: Capacity Building of RWSS Sector Institutions and PRIs

A3: Program Information, Education, and Communications (IEC)

A4: Sector Development Studies and Pilot Innovations and Technologies

A5: Monitoring and Evaluation

A6: Excellence Awards for Integrated Water Supply and Sanitation  Component

B : Infrastructure Development

B1: New Investments

B2: Rehabilitation and Augmentation of Existing Schemes

B3: Catchment Area Program

B4: Water Quality Management

B5: Household, Institutional and Environmental Sanitation

B6: Infrastructure Support

Component C : Project Management Support

C1: Staffing and Consultancy Costs

C2: Equipment and Miscellaneous costs

Expertise:

Project Development Objectives

The overall objective of the proposed Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for Low Income States (RWSSLIS) is to “improve piped water and sanitation services” for selected rural communities in the target states through decentralized delivery systems.

The expected physical achievements during the Project period are:

  • About 17400 habitations in about 2150 GPs covering about 7.8 million people will be provided with safe and adequate piped water
  • About 2150 GPs will prepare comprehensive water security and sanitation plans to make their habitations secure and hygienic
  • Quality affected (arsenic/fluoride/iron) habitations covered under the Project in over 24 quality affected (arsenic/fluoride/iron) districts will be provided with safe and potable water from surface sources

The key Project Development Objective (PDO) level results indicators are the following:

  • Number of people with increased access to piped water
  • (ii) Number of people with access to improved sanitation facilities
  • (iii) Number of people using improved latrines (iv) Improvements in O&M cost recovery

Costing:

Project Financing

The total Project cost will be financed through a combination of external financing (World Bank-IDA funds), Government of India financing (from out of NRDWP funding) and State Government contribution (as per NRDWP guidelines to match GoI funding under NRDWP). Overall, World Bank will finance 50%, GoI will finance about 33% and States will contribute about 16%. Community contribution will form about 1% of total Project cost.

The actual rupee value of the project may be revised depending upon the rate of the exchange as per mutual agreement during implementation of the Project. Any additional funds available from the interest earned and due to fluctuation in the exchange rate shall also be available for use under the project.

The Project districts will also receive funds for sanitation related activities from NBA and MGNREGS for household, institutional and environmental sanitation.